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Hat-tricks in Test cricket: Stats and other trivia

Stuart Broad (left), Wasim Akram (centre) and Merv Hughes have been successful in taking a hat-trick in Tests © Getty Images
Stuart Broad (left), Wasim Akram (centre) and Merv Hughes have been successful in taking a hat-trick in Tests © Getty Images

Stuart Broad picked up his second hat-trick of his Test career when he dismissed Kumar Sangakkara, Dinesh Chandimal and Shaminda Eranga of Sri Lanka. Abhijit Banare look to some interesting facts related to hat-tricks.

After Stuart Broad’s hat-trick against Sri Lanka, a hat-trick has been achieved 41 times in Test history. Below is the list of hat-tricks and interesting trivia on hat-tricks.

Bowler Team Opponent Batsman 1 Batsman 2 Batsman 3
F Spofforth Aus Eng V Royle F MacKinnon T Emmett
B Bates Eng Aus P McDonnell G Giffen G Bonnor
J Briggs Eng Aus W Giffen J Blackham S Callaway
G Lohmann Eng SA F Cook B Middleton J Willoughby
J Hearne Eng Aus C Hill S Gregory M Noble
H Trumble Aus Eng J Gunn A Jones S Barnes
H Trumble Aus Eng B Bosanquet P Warner D Lilley
J Matthews Aus SA R Beaumont S Pegler T Ward
J Matthews Aus SA H Taylor R Schwarz T Ward
M Allom Eng NZ T Lowry K James T Badcock
T Goddard Eng SA D Nourse N Gordon B Wade
P Loader Eng WI J Goddard S Ramadhin R Gilchrist
L Kline Aus SA E Fuller H Tayfield N Adcock
W Hall WI Pak Mushtaq M F Mahmood N ul-Ghani
G Griffin SA Eng M. J. K. Smith P Walker F Trueman
L Gibbs WI Aus K Mackay W Grout F Misson
P Petherick NZ Pak J Miandad W Raja I Alam
C Walsh WI Aus T Dodemaide M Veletta G Wood
M Hughes Aus WI C Ambrose P Patterson G Greenidge
D Fleming Aus Pak A Malik Haq S Malik
S Warne Aus Eng P DeFreitas D Gough D Malcolm
D Cork Eng WI R Richardson J Murray C Hooper
D Gough Eng Aus I Healy S McGill C Miller
W Akram Pak SL R Kaluwitharana N Bandaratilleke P Wickramasinghe
W Akram Pak SL A Gunawardene C Vaas M Jayawardene
N Zoysa SL Zimb T Gripper M Goodwin N Johnson
A Razzaq Pak SL R Kaluwitharana R Herath R Pushpakumara
G McGrath Aus WI S Campbell B Lara J Adams
Harbhajan Ind Aus R Ponting A Gilchrist S Warne
M Sami Pak SL C Buddhika N Zoysa M Muralitharan
J Lawson WI Aus B Lee S  McGill J Langer
A Kapali Ban Pak Shabbir A D  Kaneria U Gul
A Blignaut Zim Bang H Sarkar M Ashraful M Rahim
M Hoggard Eng WI R Sarwan S  Chanderpaul R Hinds
J Franklin NZ Bang Manjural I R M Rafique T Baisya
I Pathan Ind Pak S Butt Younis K M Yousuf
R Sidebottom Eng NZ S Fleming M Sinclair J Oram
P Siddle Aus Eng A Cook M Prior S Broad
S Broad Eng Ind MS Dhoni Harbhajan P Kumar
S Gazi Ban NZ C Anderson BJ Watling D Bracewell
S Broad En SL K Sangakkara D Chandimal S Eranga

Below are some of the hat-trick trivia:

Harbhajan Singh, Darren Gough, Broad and Nuwan Zoysa are the only players to have taken a hat-trick in Tests and have been victims of a bowler’s hat-trick too.

Most number of hat-tricks in Tests have been taken by England (13) and the most number of hat-tricks taken against a team also is by England (8).

Damien Fleming, Peter Petherick and Maurice Allom took a hat-trick on their Test debut.

The most number of hat-tricks taken in a year is 1999 (4) followed by 2004 (3).

Pakistan have taken four hat-tricks and all of them have come against Sri Lanka.

The longest hat-trick is by Merv Hughes spread across two innings against the West Indies at WACA in 1988-89. His hat-trick was spread over three overs.

Irfan Pathan has taken a hat-trick in the first over of a Test and Zoysa took a hat-trick during the first three balls of the Test.

Courtney Walsh was the first to take hat-trick in split innings at Gabba, Brisbane against Australia in 1988-89, a feat achieved by Hughes of Australia in the very next Test of the series at WACA. Till date, such a feat has been repeated only by Geoff Lawson of Australia.

Tommy Ward was involved in both hat-tricks of Jimmy Matthews and on the same day. So, Matthews is also the only bowler to have taken a hat-trick in the same Test and on the same day, and that came against South Africa in 1912.

Mohammad Sami and Wasim Akram are the only ones to have a Test and a One-Day International (ODI) hat-trick. Akram is the only one to have achieved hat-tricks twice in both formats.

Hugh Trumble and Patherick’s hat-tricks involved catches in all three dismissals with one of them being caught & bowled. The next one to have done that is Broad in the ongoing Test match against Sri Lanka at Headingley.

Matthews’ hat-trick against South Africa in 1912 in the first innings didn’t involve the fielder, as it included one bowled and two lbws. This was next achieved by Dominic Cork with one bowled and two lbws in the second innings against the West Indies at Lord’s in 1995. Others in this list include; Lawson and Sami.

Sohag Gazi is the only bowler to take a hat-trick and score a century in the same Test.

(Abhijit Banare is a reporter at CricketCountry. He is an avid quizzer and loves to analyse and dig out interesting facts which allows him to learn something new every day. Apart from cricket he also likes to keep a sharp eye on Indian politics, and can be followed on Twitter and blog)

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