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India vs England 2014, 4th Test at Manchester: Statistical overview and comparison of India’s top-order collapse

India vs England 2014, 4th Test at Manchester: Statistical overview and comparison of India's top order collapse
Virat Kohli’s woeful form continued as he was dismissed for a duck during India’s first innings on the opening day of the fourth Test against England at Manchester © Getty Images

India couldn’t have had a worse start to the all-important fourth Test at Old Trafford in Manchester. They were bundled out cheaply for a total of 152 runs, with their first four wickets falling at a score of eight runs. Bharath Seervi analyses the Indian top-order collapse and compares it with similar performances in the past.

At the start of the fourth Test at Manchester, India won the toss and elected to bat first. Due to the wet outfield, the start was delayed. But once the match began, the English bowlers did not have to wait for long to grab their first wicket. In fact, within the first six overs India had lost their first four wickets, losing all of them with the scoreboard reading eight runs. Within a span of 13 deliveries, which is first ball of third over to first ball of fifth over, those four wickets were down.

Opener Gautam Gambhir, who made his comeback after 20 months into the Test side, was dismissed for four by Stuart Broad. Followed by him in the next over was a tragedy. India lost both Murali Vijay and Virat Kohli to James Anderson for a duck. To make the situation worse, Cheteshwar Pujara was out for a duck as well in the next over to Stuart Broad. Gambhir was the only one to have opened his account among the top 4.

The eight runs for the loss of four wickets is the joint ninth lowest score for loss of four wickets in a Test innings. And it is the 12th time a team lost its first four wickets without reaching a score of double digit. The first time any team lost its first four wickets with score of less than 10 was in 1888 also at Old Trafford, Manchester. It was the Australian team against England. The table below lists all those 12 occasions.

Lowest team score at the loss of four wickets in a Test inning (9 or less)

Score Team Opposition Venue Date Batsmen Bowlers Result
0 India England Leeds June 7, 1952 P Roy, DK Gaekwad, MK Mantri, VL Manjrekar FS Trueman (3), AV Bedser (1) Lost
2 England South Africa Johannesburg November 25, 1999 MA Butcher, MA Atherton, N Hussain, AJ Stewart AA Donald (2), SM Pollock (2) Lost
5 England Australia Melbourne March 7, 1904 TW Hayward, W Rhodes, EG Arnold, PF Warner A Cotter (2), MA Noble (2) Lost
6 India England The Oval August 15, 1952 MH Mankad, P Roy, HR Adhikari, VL Manjrekar FS Trueman (2), AV Bedser (2) Lost
7 Australia England Manchester August 31, 1888 AC Bannerman, PS McDonnell, GHS Trott, GJ Bonnor R Peel (2), GA Lohmann (1) Lost
7 Australia England The Oval August 12, 1896 FA Iredale, J Darling, GHS Trott, G Giffen JT Hearne (3), R Peel (1) Lost
7 Australia England Brisbane December 9, 1936 JHW Fingleton, CL Badcock, MW Sievers, DG Bradman GOB Allen (3), W Voce (1) Lost
7 Bangladesh India Dhaka May 26, 2007 Javed Omar, Shahriar Nafees, Habibul Bashar, Mohammad Ashraful Z Khan (3), RP Singh (1) Lost
8 England India Bangalore February 1, 1977 DL Amiss, JM Brearley, KWR Fletcher, DW Randall BS Bedi (2), BS Chandrasekhar (1), KD Ghavri (1) Lost
8 India England Manchester August 7, 2014 M Vijay, G Gambhir, CA Pujara, V Kohli JM Anderson (2), SCJ Broad (2) -
9 Australia Sri Lanka Moratuwa September 12, 1992 MA Taylor, TM Moody, DC Boon, ME Waugh DK Liyanage (3), CPH Ramanayake (1) Drawn
9 West Indies Australia Brisbane December 1, 1992 DL Haynes, PV Simmons, BC Lara, KLT Athurton CJ McDermott (3), BA Reid (1) Drawn

The numbers near the bowlers denote the number of wickets taken by them out of the first four wickets of the opposition.

-          In 1952 at Leeds, India became the first and so far the only team to lose four wickets for 0 runs on board.

-          In 1888 at Manchester, Australia’s top 4 batsmen were all out for a duck – only such occasion in the history of Test cricket.

-          In the same series in 1952, India lost its first four wickets for score of less than 0 twice – at Leeds and The Oval.

The aggregate score of the first four Indian batsmen in the inning was just four runs. It is the joint second lowest aggregate of the first four batsmen in a team’s inning. The lowest is 0 by Australia vs England at Manchester in 1888, which contained four ducks as mentioned above. The previous lowest aggregate for India was 10 runs in the Boxing Day Test of 1996 at Durban against South Africa. The batsmen involved were Vikram Rathour (2), Woorkeri Raman (1), Sourav Ganguly (0) and Sachin Tendulkar (4). The table below lists the necessary details about the instances.

Lowest aggregateruns of the first four batsmen in a Test innings (5 or less)

Total Team Against Venue Date Batsman 1 Batsman 2 Batsman 3 Batsman 4 Bowlers Result
0 Australia England Manchester August 31, 1888 AC Bannerman (0)  PS McDonnell (0) GHS Trott (0) GJ Bonnor (0) R Peel (2), GA Lohmann (1) Lost
4 England Australia Melbourne March 7, 1904 TW Hayward (0) W Rhodes (3) EG Arnold (0) PF Warner (1) A Cotter (2), MA Noble (2) Lost
4 West Indies Australia Melbourne December 26, 1981 DL Haynes (1) SFAF Bacchus (1) CEH Croft (0)  IVA Richards (2) DK Lillee (3), TM Alderman (1) Lost
4 India England Manchester August 7, 2014 M Vijay (0)  G Gambhir (4) CA Pujara (0) V Kohli (0) JM Anderson (2), SCJ Broad (2) -
5 England India Bangalore February 1, 1977 DL Amiss (0)  JM Brearley (4) KWR Fletcher (1) DW Randall (0) BS Bedi (2), BS Chandrasekhar (1), KD Ghavri (1) Lost

 

For India:

Total Against Venue Date Batsman 1 Batsman 2 Batsman 3 Batsman 4 Bowlers Result
4 England Manchester August 7, 2014 M Vijay (0)  G Gambhir (4) CA Pujara (0) V Kohli (0) JM Anderson (2), SCJ Broad (2) -
7 South Africa Durban December 28, 1996 V Rathour (2) WV Raman (1) SC Ganguly (0) SR Tendulkar (4) AA Donald (2), SM Pollock (2) Lost
9 England Leeds June 7, 1952 P Roy (0) DK Gaekwad (0) MK Mantri (0) PR Umrigar (9) FS Trueman (3), AV Bedser (1) Lost
10 Pakistan Kanpur December 25, 1979 SM Gavaskar (2)  CPS Chauhan (6) DB Vengsarkar (0) GR Viswanath (2) Sikandar Bakht (3), Ehteshamuddin (1) Drawn
11 South Africa Port Elizabeth December 28, 1992 RJ Shastri (5) WV Raman (0) SV Manjrekar (6) SR Tendulkar (0) AA Donald (2), BM McMillan (1), BN Schultz (1) Lost

The numbers near the batsmen denote the number of runs scored by them in the inning.

The Indian inning in all had six ducks to end up with. Ravindra Jadeja, Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Pankaj Singh were the other three batsmen to score ducks adding with the three top order batsmen. Six ducks in the inning is highest ever for India in the history of Test Cricket and it is joint highest overall as well. This was the fourth time a team had six ducks in a Test inning. The previous highest number of ducks in an Indian inning was five ducks on three occasions. The tables below list the highest number of ducks in Test innings.

Most number of batsmen dismissed as duck in a Test inning

Ducks Team Against Venue Date Team Total Result
6 Pakistan West Indies Karachi December 23, 1980 128 Drawn
6 South Africa India Ahmedabad November 23, 1996 105 Lost
6 Bangladesh West Indies Dhaka December 10, 2002 87 Lost
6 India England Manchester August 7, 2014 152 -

There are 33 innings in which five batsmen were out for duck.

For India:

Ducks Against Venue Date Team Total Result
6 England Manchester August 7, 2014 152 -
5 Australia Adelaide Janurary 27, 1948 277 Lost
5 England Leeds June 7, 1952 165 Lost
5 New Zealand Mohali October 11, 1999 83 Drawn

There are 19 Indian innings in which four batsmen were out for duck.

Complete coverage of India’s tour of England 2014

(Bharath Seervi is a cricket statistician who is obsessed with digging numbers, facts and records related to the game. An active member of Society of Cricket Statisticians of India, he blogs at www.cricketseervistats.blogspot.com. He can be followed on Twitter at www.twitter.com/SeerviBharath and on Facebook at www.facebook.com/SeerviCricket)

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