This will be 13th Border-Gavaskar Trophy series    Getty Images
This will be 13th Border-Gavaskar Trophy series Getty Images

India and Australia are two teams which have shared bitter-sour relation when it comes to cricket; especially in Tests. The rivalry began just after India got independence in 1947. Australia were the first team to play Test against India after the independence. The first series of 1947-48 was a five-match series, which India lost 4-0. Soon, India and Australia kept on playing bilateral Test series on regular intervals. But it took more than 12 years for India to register their first victory against Australia. FULL CRICKET SCORECARD: India vs Australia, 1st Test at Pune

It was the second Test of 1959-60, where Jasu Patel‘s bowling figures of 14 for 124 ensured India’s historic victory over Australia. Patel, who was called by the then selector Lala Amarnath to the side for second Test, proved to be a masterstroke inclusion. Patel was 35 at that time and his career was almost nearing end but he was brought back and rest is history. Now, India had their first Test win against Australia but they were yet to register a series win over them. Further, India kept on improving and showed immense improvement and drew their next series at home in 1964-65 by 1-1.

Still, the dream of winning series over Australia was yet to come true. And it took almost 42 years for the dream turning into reality as India clinched their first ever series victory in 1979-80. It was a series of six Tests, where India won two and drew four. But not to forget, India played against the second-string Australian side as most of the big names were busy playing Kerry Packer World Series Cricket.

After that, India never won any series against Australia till it was given a name. In the year 1996, it was decided that any bilateral Test series between India and Australia will be called as Border-Gavaskar Trophy, named after iconic players Allan Border and Sunil Gavaskar. Both these great players scored more than 10,000 runs in their respective Test careers and captained their teams.

The first Border-Gavaskar Trophy was played in 1996-97, which was of only one-Test. It was also Sachin Tendulkar‘s maiden Test as captain of India. India won that one-off Test quite convincingly at Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi and claimed the first ever Border-Gavaskar Trophy. That Test is famously known for Nayan Mongia’s 152 and incorrect decision to dismiss Sourav Ganguly. It was the third Test for Ganguly, in which he scored 66. Had umpire not given that incorrect decision, Ganguly had the chance to equal Mohammad Azharuddin’s record of three hundreds in consecutive Tests from debut.

That was the only one-off Test between India and Australia and with the series getting an iconic name, another era of rivalry began. A total of 12 Border-Gavaskar Trophy series have since been played. India have won 6, Australia have 5 with and 1 ending in draw. Before the series was given the iconic name, same number of bilateral series had been played between the two sides. But India could only win one, while Australia won 7 and 4 ended in draw. So it can be said that India’s fortune changed after the series got a name.


In between, many memorable moments were witnessed during the different Border-Gavaskar Trophy series. One of the most special one was Kolkata Test of 2000-2001 Trophy, where VVS Laxman and Rahul Dravid added 376 runs for fifth wicket stand while following on as India were all out for 171 in their first innings. The 2000-2001 series is also remembered for Harbhajan Singh’s hat-trick and magical bowling. Harbhajan ended up taking 32 wickets in the three-match series where no other bowler could take even 20.

The last time Australia played in India was back in 2012-13, where India whitewashed them by 4-0. This will be the 8th Border-Gavaskar Trophy to be played in India and 13th overall. After looking at the above infographic, one can see India have managed to dominate Australia at home since the series got the name. Both the teams are playing with a new captain in their side in this series. Steven Smith from Australia and Virat Kohli of India both led their respective teams in the previous Border-Gavaskar Trophy of 2014-15 in Australia as stand-in skippers.