MS Dhoni will continue to play ODIs and T20I for India © Getty Images
MS Dhoni will continue to play ODIs and T20I for India © Getty Images

MS Dhoni announced his retirement from Tests after the Boxing Day test against Australia. Bharath Seervi presents some numbers, achievements and records of India’s Captain Cool.

There was no hint that MS Dhoni will retire from Tests. Many had thought he would give up captaincy from Tests after the Border-Gavaskar Trophy 2014-15, but he went one step further. A mail from The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) confirmed that he has retired from Tests with immediate effect.

Dhoni did not talk about his retirement in the post-match presentation as well. Anyway, the decision has been made and he will no more be part of Indian Test team. Hence, let us have a look on some numbers, achievements and records of one of India’s most successful Test captains.

Batting:

Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave SR 100s 50s Fours Sixes
90 144 16 4,876 224 38.09 59.11 6 33 544 78

 

Test debut: Dhoni had made his test debut on December 2, 2005 against Sri Lanka at Chennai. He scored 30 in the only innings India batted. The Test was affected by rain and there was no play for first three days. He had played 30 One-Day Internationals (ODIs) before his Test debut.

First Test century: Dhoni got to his maiden test century on January 23, 2006 against Pakistan at Faisalabad in his fifth Test. He reached his 100 off 93 balls and eventually scored 148 runs off 153 balls. Interestingly, his maiden ODI century also came against Pakistan, in his fifth match, and he scored 148.

First Test as captain: Dhoni captained for the first time in Tests against South Africa at Kanpur on April 11, 2008. He was a stand-in captain as Anil Kumble had opted out due to injury. India won by eight wickets and drew the three-match series 1-1. He remains the only wicket-keeper to lead India in Tests. He won all his first four Tests as captain. His first defeat came in his 12th test as captain — against South Africa at Nagpur in February 2010.

Captaincy:

Dhoni captained India in 60 Tests from 2008 to 2014. India won 21 tests, lost 18 and drew 15 under him. Thirty of these Tests were played in India, of which India won 21. India won six out of 30 overseas Tests under Dhoni.

Host Mat Won Lost Draw W/L Ratio
Australia 5 0 4 1 0.00
Bangladesh 1 1 0 0
England 9 1 7 1 0.14
India 30 21 3 6 7.00
New Zealand 4 1 1 2 1.00
South Africa 5 1 2 2 0.50
Sri Lanka 3 1 1 1 1.00
West Indies 3 1 0 2
Total 60 27 18 15 1.50

 

Captaincy with Gary Kirsten vs Duncan Fletcher as coach

Coach Mat Won Lost Drawn W/L
Gary Kirsten 24 14 3 7 4.66
Duncan Fletcher 36 13 15 8 0.86

 

Wicket-keeping:

Mat Inns Dismissals Catches Stumpings Dismissals/Inn
90 156 294 256 38 1.77

 

Let us see now have a look at Dhoni’s.

Most test victories by an Indian captain

MS Dhoni’s record of 27 Test victories as captain is an Indian record, well clear of Sourav Ganguly’s 21 wins from 49 Tests. MS Dhoni won 45% of his matches as captain, a record as well.

Captain Mat Won Lost Drawn W/L Win %
MS Dhoni 60 27 18 15 1.50 45.00
Sourav Ganguly 49 21 13 15 1.62 42.86
Mohammad Azharuddin 47 14 14 19 1.00 29.79
Sunil Gavaskar 47 9 8 30 1.13 19.15
MAK Pataudi 47 9 19 12 0.47 19.15

 

Most test victories as captain at home

Captain Mat Won Lost Drawn W/L Win %
Graeme Smith 53 30 15 8 2.00 56.60
Ricky Ponting 39 29 5 5 5.80 74.36
Steve Waugh 29 22 2 5 11.00 75.86
MS Dhoni 30 21 3 6 7.00 70.00
Allan Border 51 19 11 21 1.73 37.25

 

Most overseas Test defeats by Indian captains

MS Dhoni’s away record as captain has been equally opposite to his home record. Outside India, his team won six tests and lost 15 in the 30 matches.

Captain Mat Won Lost Drawn W/L Lost %
MS Dhoni 30 6 15 9 0.40 50.00
Mohammad Azharuddin 27 1 10 16 0.10 37.04
Sourav Ganguly 28 11 10 7 1.10 35.71
MAK Pataudi 13 3 10 0 0.30 76.92
Bishan Bedi 14 3 8 3 0.38 57.14

 

Most overseas Test defeats by captains

Captain Mat Won Lost Drawn W/L Loss %
Stephen Fleming 42 10 16 16 0.63 38.10
Brian Lara 20 1 16 3 0.06 80.00
MS Dhoni 30 6 15 9 0.40 50.00
Arjuna Ranatunga 29 4 13 12 0.31 44.83
Graeme Smith 52 22 13 17 1.69 25.00

 

Highest individual Test score by Indian captains

Dhoni scored a record 224 runs against Australia at Chennai in February 2013. In the process he broke the record for the highest individual Test score by an Indian captain overcoming Sachin Tendulkar’s 217 against New Zealand at Ahmedabad in 1999.

Runs Batsman Against Venue Date Result
224 MS Dhoni Australia Chennai February 22, 2013 Won
217 Sachin Tendulkar New Zealand Ahmedabad October 29, 1999 Drawn
205 Sunil Gavaskar West Indies Mumbai December 1, 1978 Drawn
203* MAK Pataudi England Delhi February 8, 1964 Drawn

 

Highest individual Test scores by wicketkeepers

Runs Batsman Against Venue Date Result
232* Andy Flower India Nagpur November 25, 2000 Drawn
230 Kumar Sangakkara Pakistan Lahore March 6, 2002 Won
224 MS Dhoni Australia Chennai February 22, 2013 Won
210* Taslim Arif Australia Faisalabad March 6, 1980 Drawn
209 Imtiaz Ahmed New Zealand Lahore October 26, 1955 Won

 

Wicketkeeper-captains in Tests

Dhoni is the only Indian wicketkeeper to have captained in Tests. He is one of 29 wicketkeeper-captains in Tests. However, none of the others performed the triple role of batsman, wicketkeeper, and captain for even 20 Tests where whereas Dhoni has done the same in 60 Tests.

Captain Mat Won Lost Drawn W/L Loss %
MS Dhoni 60 27 18 15 1.50 30.00
Mushfiqur  Rahim 19 4 10 5 0.40 52.63
Gerry Alexander 18 7 4 7 1.75 22.22
Andy Flower 16 1 10 5 0.10 62.50
Moin Khan 13 4 2 7 2.00 15.38
Percy Sherwell 13 5 6 2 0.83 46.15

 

Most Test runs by Indian captains

Player Mat Inns NO Runs Avg 100s 50s HS
MS Dhoni 60 96 11 3454 40.63 5 24 224
Sunil Gavaskar 47 74 6 3449 50.72 11 14 205
Mohammad Azharuddin 47 68 3 2856 43.93 9 9 192
Sourav Ganguly 49 75 7 2561 37.66 5 13 144
MAK Pataudi 40 73 2 2424 34.14 5 13 203*
Sachin Tendulkar 25 43 3 2054 51.35 7 7 217

 

MS Dhoni’s 3,454 runs are second-highest among Asian captains after Mahela Jayawardene’s 3,665 runs. Dhoni’s runs are the highest among wicket keeper captains.

Most 90s as captain

Nervous 90s Captain Scores
4 Garry Sobers 94, 95, 95*, 93
4 Stephen Fleming 91, 99, 97, 97
4 MS Dhoni 92, 98, 90, 99

 

Most Test sixes by Indians

Sixes Batsman Inns
91 Virender Sehwag 180
78 MS Dhoni 144
69 Sachin Tendulkar 329
61 Kapil Dev 184
57 Sourav Ganguly 188

 

Most Test sixes by captains

Sixes Batsman Inns
51 MS Dhoni 96
49 Brian Lara 85
48 Clive Lloyd 111
46 Viv Richards 74
44 Brendon McCullum 35

 

Most Test sixes by wicket keepers

Sixes Batsman Inns
100 Adam Gilchrist 137
78 MS Dhoni 144
49 Brad Haddin 106
34 Brendon McCullum 87
27 Moin Khan 98

 

MS Dhoni also has the record of most sixes by a wicket keeper captain in Tests, 51.

Most Test runs by wicketkeepers

Wicketkeeper Mat Inns NO Runs Ave 100s 50s HS
Adam Gilchrist 96 137 20 5570 47.60 17 26 204*
Mark Boucher 147 206 24 5515 30.30 5 35 125
MS Dhoni 90 144 16 4876 38.09 6 33 224
Alec Stewart 82 145 15 4540 34.92 6 23 173
Andy Flower 55 100 18 4404 53.70 12 23 232*

 

Most Test dismissals by wicket-keepers

Wicket Keeper Dismissals Mat Inns Catches Stumpings
Mark Boucher 555 147 281 532 23
Adam Gilchrist 416 96 191 379 37
Ian Healy 395 119 224 366 29
Rod Marsh 355 96 182 343 12
MS Dhoni 294 90 166 256 38

 

Most Test stumpings

Wicket Keeper Stumpings Mat Inns Catches
Bert Oldfield 52 54 101 78
Godfrey Evans 46 91 175 173
MS Dhoni 38 90 166 256
Syed Kirmani 38 88 151 160
Adam Gilchrist 37 96 191 379

 

Dhoni effected nine dismissals in his last Test match at MCG, the highest for India in a Test. The previous record was eight dismissals — thrice by Dhoni himself and twice by Nayan Mongia.

The records he missed

These were some of the records of MS Dhoni. But he could have got more. He was

–          124 runs short of becoming the only the third wicketkeeper to aggregate 5,000 test runs

–          Ten tests short of becoming only the second wicketkeeper to play 100 Tests

–          15 stumpings to effect set a new Test record

–          Six more dismissals to get to mark of 300 dismissals

–          One more victory to become the third-most successful captain at home

And many more.

It was a glorious career that brought a different trend: a wicketkeeper-batsman being a fulltime captain over such a long period.

Under Dhoni, India had become the No. 1 ranked team in Tests. However, he leaves them at No. 7.

MS Dhoni, you will be missed!

Complete coverage of MS Dhoni’s Test retirement

(Bharath Seervi is a cricket statistician who is obsessed with digging numbers, facts and records related to the game. An active member of Society of Cricket Statisticians of India, he blogs at www.cricketseervistats.blogspot.com. He can be followed on Twitter at www.twitter.com/SeerviBharath and on Facebook at www.facebook.com/SeerviCricket)