Top wicket-takers: Ravichandran Ashwin (72), Rangana Herath (57) and Mitchell Starc (50). Ashwin s 72 wickets in this year stand at the 14th position in the list of most wickets by a bowler in a calendar year and 4th-highest by an Indian.

Right-arm bowlers picked 1,037 wickets in 2016, the 12th-highest for any calendar year. On the other hand, a total of 398 wickets were taken by left-arm bowlers in 2016, the most in a calendar year. Previous best was of 387 wickets in 2008.

Spinners picked up 584 wickets, the most in a calendar year, while pacers had 851, the 12th-most.

Ashwin

Best bowling figures in an innings: Devendra Bishoo, with 8 for 49, followed by Herath, with 8 for 63. Bishoo’s figures are the best by any bowler against Pakistan.

Best figures in a match: Ashwin leads this list with his 13 for 140 against New Zealand. Rabada and Herath (twice) also picked 13-wicket hauls.

Best match bowling figures from each team

Innings Match
Player Team Figure Player Team Figure
Devendra Bishoo West Indies 8/49 Ravichandran Ashwin India 13/140
Rangana Herath Sri Lanka 8/63 Kagiso Rabada South Africa 13/144
Ravindra Jadeja India 7/48 Rangana Herath Sri Lanka 13/145
Kagiso Rabada South Africa 7/112 Mehedi Hasan Bangladesh 12/159
Stuart Broad England 6/17 Mitchell Starc Australia 11/94
Neil Wagner New Zealand 6/41 Chris Woakes England 11/102
Mitchell Starc Australia 6/50 Yasir Shah Pakistan 10/141
Yasir Shah Pakistan 6/72 Devendra Bishoo West Indies 10/174
Mehedi Hasan Bangladesh 6/77 Neil Wagner New Zealand 8/103
Carl Mumba Zimbabwe 4/50 Graeme Cremer Zimbabwe 7/227

Most wickets on a single ground: Herath tops the chart with 19 wickets at Harare Sports Club against Zimbabwe from 2 Tests. It includes 2 five-wicket hauls and a 10-wicket haul.

Most wickets in a series: Herath and Ashwin leads jointly with 28 wickets each. Herath got his wickets against Australia in the Warne-Muralitharan Trophy, while Ashwin scalped his against England in Anthony de Mello Trophy. Had Herath taken 3 more, he would have broken Muttiah Muralitharan s Sri Lankan record of 30 wickets in a Test series.

Most wickets against a single opposition: Herath and Ashwin share the top spot in this list as well, with 28 wickets each; the oppositions are as mentioned above.

rashid

Best bowling average (30 wickets): Herath leads this list with his impressive average of 18.92 across 57 wickets, followed by Neil Wagner (21.04; 41 wickets).

Best bowling strike rate (30 wickets): Rabada picked wickets at the rate of 36.6 balls per wicket, the best by any bowler in 2016. He is followed by Starc (39) and Herath (43.4). Rabada s strike rate is the 3rd-best by a South African after Dale Steyn s 29.6 in 2007 and 35.8 in 2008.

Most runs conceded: Moeen Ali leads this dubious chart. In fact, the 1,962 runs he conceded are the highest by an English bowler and 3rd-highest overall in a year after Shane Warne (2,114 runs in 2005) and Harbhajan Singh (1,987 in 2008). The England record was held by Graeme Swann (1,766 in 2012).

yasir

Most 5-wicket hauls: Ashwin bagged 8 five-wicket hauls in the year, the most by an Indian bowler in a calendar year. He went past his own record of 7 five-wicket hauls in 2015. Ashwin’s 8 five-wicket hauls is also the joint 3rd-best (along with Syd Barnes in 1912) by any bowler in a calendar year after Malcolm Marshall (9 in 1984) and Murali (9 in 2006).

A total of 61 five-wicket hauls were taken by bowlers in 2016, the 5th-most in a year. There have been 2,857 five-fors in history now.

Most 10-wickets haul: Ashwin tops this chart too with 3 ten-fors, the most by an Indian bowler. Ashwin went past Vinoo Mankad’s record of 2 ten-wicket hauls in 1952.

A total of 15 ten-wicket hauls were claimed this year (the previous record of 13 was set in 2005), the most in a year; the historical count is 422.

Most wickets in wins: With 62 wickets Ashwin leads the way by a significant distance. This is also the 4th-highest wickets taken by a bowler in winning causes in a calendar year after Murali (68 in 2001), Marshall (66 in 1984) and Steyn (66 in 2008). Ashwin also became the 1st Indian to take 50 plus wickets on winning causes in a calendar year. He held the previous record himself, with 41 wickets in 2013.

A total of 771 wickets came on winning causes this year, the 4th-most in a calendar year after 888 in 2002, 818 in 2001 and 773 in 2004.

Most wickets in defeats: Starc leads the way here with 32 wickets, the most for an Australian and 3rd-most for a bowler in a calendar year on losing causes after Kapil Dev (36 in 1983) and Mohammad Rafique (33 in 2003). No other Australian has even taken 30 wickets in a year on losing causes. Previous best was of 28 wickets by Rodney Hogg in 1979.

A total of 542 wickets came in defeats this year, the most in a calendar year and takes the count to 19,246. The previous record was of 538 wickets in 2002.

Best figures by debutants: Colin de Grandhomme and Mehedi were the only debutant to scalp 5-wicket hauls in their debut Test. De Grandhomme took 6 for 41, while Mehedi bagged the figures of 6 for 80.

Consecutive 5-fors: Starc was the only bowler to take hat-trick of 5-fors. He did it against Sri Lanka. His figures read 5 for 44, 6 for 50 and 6 for 63.

Bowlers who entered 100-wicket club: Josh Hazlewood, Yasir, Jadeja, Wagner, Trent Boult and Starc.

Bowlers who entered 200-wicket club: Ashwin and Nathan Lyon.

Bowlers who entered 300-wicket club: Herath was the only bowler to enter this prestigious club this year.

Who went past whom: James Anderson went past Kapil Dev s tally of 434 wickets. With 467 wickets, he is now the 6th-highest wicket-taker in all time list.

Steyn went past Wasim Akram s 414 wickets. He has now total of 417 wickets leading wicket-taker from South Africa.

Stuart Broad has taken the lead over Imran Khan s 362 wickets. He has now 368 wickets 3rd highest wicket-taker from England and only 16 wickets away from breaking Ian Botham s England record.

Ashwin went past Bhagwat Chandrasekhar’s 242 wickets. He has total of 248 wickets now the 4th-highest among Indians spinners. He is 19 wickets away from breaking Bishan Singh Bedi s tally.

Herath took his tally to 354 wickets and became the 4th-highest wicket-takers among left-arm bowlers. Two wickets will take him past Chaminda Vaas, which will make him 3rd on the list as well as 2nd for Sri Lanka.

Firsts in 2016
First ball bowled Morne Morkel
Run Morne Morkel
Wicket Kagiso Rabada
5-wicket haul Kagiso Rabada
10-wicket haul Kagiso Rabada
Maiden Chris Morris

Hat-tricks: Herath took the only hat-trick of the year, against Australia at Galle. He dismissed Adam Voges, Peter Nevill and Mitchell Starc.