World timeline in the Sachin Tendulkar Era - Part 2 of 2: The 21st century

Sachin Tendulkar… remains a constant as the world around changes © Getty Images

When we look back at the career of Sachin Tendulkar, the enormous longevity often boggles the mind. We are struck by the way he has remained an almost eternal constant across global changes that have metamorphosed the world beyond recognition. This is the second of the two-part series in which Arunabha Sengupta traces the history of the world through the years during which Sachin Tendulkar stood at the wicket making runs for India.

2000

In spite of several warnings of apocalypse, the Y2K problem ultimately did not end the world. In one of the unsung, yet commendable, combined endeavours of mankind, the computer systems across the world managed to survive the shift to four digits.

In an event of rather unfortunate global outcome, George W Bush entered the Presidential race. Towards the end of the year he won the controversial polls through a Supreme Court decision.

In Chile, socialist president Richardo Lagos was elected. The Reformists won the control of Iranian parliament for the first time since the 1979 revolution. Vladimir Putin was formally chosen for the post of Russian President.  On the other hand, it was a bad year for dictators. Suharto was placed under house arrest while Augusto Pinochet’s immunity was ended by the Chilean government, clearing the way for trials.

Peace was given a boost. North and South Korea signed peace accord after half a century of antagonism. The Israeli troops withdrew from Lebanese security zone after 22 years of occupation.

However, there were tragedies as well. A Concorde crashed near Paris killing 113. Palestinians and Israelis clashed after the visit of right-wing Israeli leader Ariel Sharon to a joint Jewish/Muslim holy site. Seventeen U.S. sailors on navy destroyer Cole died in Yemen terrorist explosion.

The International Space Station began operations. Stephen King’s horror story Riding the Bullet was published exclusively in e-book format to become the world’s first mass-market electronic book.

Jennifer Lopez started off the year singing Living for Tonight. Britney Spears hit jackpot with Oops! I Did It again. Julia Roberts played the enchanting legal-activist Erin Brokovich.

In India, population spilled over the one billion mark. Actor Rajkumar was abducted by the notorious sandalwood smuggler Veerappan. The World Health Organisation (WHO) warned against exposure to pollution. And a large number of people died in the Mumbai slums after severe rains triggered a landslide. The relationships with Pakistan deteriorated further as problems in Kashmir continued. In the midst of all this, Priyanka Chopra won the Miss World title.

Sachin Tendulkar scored a superb 233 not out to help Mumbai beat Tamil Nadu in the Ranji Trophy semi-final. He hammered 1328 runs in One-Day Internationals (ODIs) with three hundreds, and went past Mohammad Azharuddin’s record of 9,378 ODI career runs to become the leading run scorer in the world. In Tests he scored his second double hundred, against Zimbabwe.

2001

The year the twin towers collapsed. Hijackers rammed jetliners into New York City’s World Trade Center and the Pentagon. A fourth hijacked plane crashed 80 miles outside of Pittsburgh. The death toll was more than 3,000. Within days, Islamic militant Osama bin Laden and the al-Qaeda terrorist network were identified as the parties behind the attacks.

In response to September 11 terrorist attacks, US and British forces launched bombing campaign against Taliban government and al-Qaeda terrorist camps in Afghanistan. Bombings continued on a daily basis. After devastation of war, the Afghani factions formed a post-Taliban government. Hamid Karzai, new interim Afghan leader, was sworn in.

Apart from the strikes on the Towers, the United States also had to deal with the Anthrax scare. Allies in United Kingdom were plagued by the foot and mouth disease of the country’s livestock.

Elsewhere, Ariel Sharon won the election in Israel. Mohammad Khatami, Iran’s moderate president, was re-elected in a landslide. The Israeli Army commenced bombing Palestinian areas.

President Joseph Estrada of the Philippines was impeached. During economic crisis in Argentina government effectively froze all bank accounts for twelve months, leading to riots and President de la Rúa’s resignation from office.

Early in the year, Wikipedia was launched on the internet. Apple Computer unveiled the first generation iPod portable media player. The Budapest Open Access Initiative, a public statement of principles promoting open access to research literature, was launched at a conference convened in Budapest by the Open Society Institute. The C# programming language specification was released.

The first Harry Potter movie hit the screens while Russell Crowe played John Nash in A Beautiful Mind, and Eddie Murphy gave voice to the loquacious and lovable Donkey in Shrek. Michael Jackson’s final studio album, Invincible, was released.

In a severe blow to corporate superciliousness Enron Corp., one of world’s largest energy companies, filed for bankruptcy.

In India, a massive earthquake killed 30,000 in Gujarat. Defence Minister George Fernandes resigned following bribery scandal. Bangaru Laxman was caught on camera, his palm palpably greased.  A suicide squad attacked the parliament in New Delhi, killing several policemen. The five gunmen died in the assault. The first police office dealing with Internet crimes was opened in Bangalore.

Relationships with Pakistan remained volatile.

On the positive side, the first high-powered rocket was launched, adding India to the club of countries able to fire big satellites deep into space.

Narendra Modi was sworn in as Chief Minister of Gujarat. Phoolan Devi was assassinated.

Lagaanthe most successful Bollywood movie on cricket, was released.

Tendulkar scored a pivotal 126 in the deciding Test at Chennai against Australia in the famous 2000-01 series. This was followed by his becoming the first man to score 10,000 ODI runs, while hitting 139 against Australia at Indore. In Bloemfontein, he rescued the Indian first innings against fiery bowling by hammering a splendid 155. He ended the year with scores of 88, 103 and 90 in the three Tests at home against England, leading the visitors to claim that they had restricted the great man. It was a year in which he also scored 904 ODI runs at 69.53 and was honoured with the Maharashtra Bhushan, the highest civilian award of the state of Maharashtra.

2002

Euro notes and coins were introduced in France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Finland, Luxembourg, Belgium, Austria, Ireland and the Netherlands. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was established.

The UN Security Council froze the assets of Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda, and the Taliban.

The volcanic eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo displaced an estimated 400,000 people.

But, nature was just a helping hand as man continued to kill man. Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria killed more than 1,000. In eastern Afghanistan, Operation Anaconda was kick-started.

There were bombings in Bali. Chechen rebels took over a theatre in Moscow. Georgia experienced the Rose revolution. Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped in Pakistan and later murdered in Karachi. In Islamabad, the International Protestant Church was attacked.

The Guantanamo Bay detention camp was established.

The Mars Odyssey found water ice on the planet. Professor Kevin Warwick of University of Reading demonstrates the first direct electronic communication between the nervous systems of two humans. Apple iMac G4 was released.

American Idol began under the title American Idol: The Search for a SuperstarSpiderman was released as was the second Harry Potter movie. The Eminem Show sold 19 million. Sanjay Leela Banasali mutilated Devdaas beyond recognition.

In India, war of words between Indian and Pakistani leaders intensified. Nuclear-capable ballistic missile — the Agni — was successfully fired off the eastern coast. Pakistan also test-fired three medium-range surface-to-surface Ghauri missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads. Both United Kingdom and United States urged their citizens to leave India and Pakistan.

Inter-religious bloodshed broke out after 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya were killed in a train fire in Godhra, Gujarat. More than 1,000 people died in subsequent riots.

APJ Abdul Kalam was elected President of India

Tendulkar scored 117 in India’s first Test victory in West Indies in 26 years, and followed it up with 193 at Headingley in another famous win, which carried him past Don Bradman’s 29 centuries. In between, he had hammered two hundreds in the NatWest Trophy. Towards the end of the year, he scored 176 at Eden Gardens against West Indies to save India from a defeat on the final day, and signed off with a gritty 51 in obnoxious batting conditions at Wellington.

2003

The history of bloodshed continued. The Iraq War began amidst worldwide protests. Conflicts were witnessed in Darfur as well. The Second Congo War ended but more than 5 million lay dead in the violence. Suicide bombing destroyed the UN headquarters in Baghdad, killing 24, including top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello.

North Korea withdrew from treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

United States witnessed its third largest tax cut. Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor of California. The nation celebrated towards the end of the year when Saddam Hussain was captured.

In the scientific domain, the space shuttle Columbia was destroyed on re-entry. The Human Genome Project was completed. Grigori Perelman presented proof of the Poincaré Conjecture. The first SARS victim was diagnosed in Hanoi, Vietnam.

The music world saw the deaths of Celia Cruz, Johnny Cash, John Serry Sr.

At least 50 people were killed in two simultaneous bomb blasts in Bombay. India matched Pakistan’s declaration of a Kashmir ceasefire. India, Pakistan agreed to resume direct air links and to allow overflights.

In India’s World Cup campaign, Tendulkar became the highest run-getter in the tournaments when he overtook Javed Miandad’s tally of 1083 runs during a game against Netherlands. He smashed 98 off 75 balls against Pakistan to take India to victory in a crunch match. He ended as the highest scorer of the World Cup but India lost the final to Australia. Tendulkar won the Man of the Series for his 673 runs at 61.18.

2004

Unification and destruction went hand in hand.

NATO was enlarged and the European Union incorporated most of former Eastern Bloc countries. At the same time Orange Revolution was played out in Ukraine. Madrid was rocked by train bombings. Over 1000 people, including 777 people, were taken hostage, resulting in 388 deaths in the Beslan School Hostage incident.

In the Indian Ocean, a raging Tsunami claimed 230,000 lives, including thousands in India. The coastal communities in the south and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were devastated.

Facebook made its first tentative appearance on cyberspace.

Celine Dion won the Diamond Award. In a year of sequels, Shrek 2, Spiderman 2 and Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban were released.

There was a surprise victory for Congress in the general elections and Manmohan Singh was sworn in as prime minister.  India, along with Brazil, Germany and Japan, launched an application for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.

Starting the year with 241 not out against Australia in a sterling display of concentration in Sydney, Tendulkar followed it up with 194 not out at Multan and ended the year by drawing level with Gavaskar’s 34 hundreds through his career-best score of 248 not out against Bangladesh at Dhaka. The highlight of his ODI knocks of the year was a fascinating 141 against Pakistan at Rawalpindi.

2005

Even as Irish Republican Army (IRA) ended military campaign in Northern Ireland, the 7/7 attacks rocked the London underground. Kyrgistan went through the Tulip Revolution, while Lebanon experienced the Cedar Revolution after the assassination of Rafic Hariri.

At the same time, Israel withdrew from Gaza, the second Sudanese War came to an end and The Kyoto Protocol came into effect.

Angela Merkel became the first woman Chancellor of Germany.  In Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became President. Benedict XVI became the new Pope at Vatican.

The world pitched in to help the Tsunami affected South East Asia, but natural disasters still raged on. Hurricane Katrina killed nearly 2000 people in the Gulf of Mexico and the death toll was a huge 80,000 in the earthquake at Kashmir.

A first draft of the chimpanzee genome was published. The first video was uploaded into YouTube, a video hosting site established by Jawed Karim, Steve Chen and Chad Hurley.

Mariah Carey released Emancipation of Mimi. It was a great year for the children with the screening of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, The Chronicles of Narnia: Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Madagascar.

More than 1,000 people were further killed in floods and landslides caused by monsoon rains in Mumbai and Maharashtra region.

Tendulkar reached 10,000 runs in Test cricket during his knock of 52 against Pakistan at Kolkata. He went on to bag his second five wicket haul in ODIs, with five for 50 in a comprehensive win against Pakistan at Kochi. Finally, in December, the world record 35th hundred was notched up against Sri Lanka at Delhi, in a memorable win.

2006

This was the year that saw Montenegro gain independence. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf became the first elected female head of the state in Africa as she became the President of Liberia. Former president Viktor Yanukovich was named prime minister of Ukraine.

The second invasion of Lebanon took place and at long last Saddam Hussain was executed.
The International Astronomical Union reclassified Pluto as a dwarf planet. The Baiji, the Yangtze river dolphin, was declared extinct.

The sequence of the last chromosome in the Human Genome Project was published in the journal Nature. Shinya Yamanaka generated first induced pluripotent stem cells.

Johnny Depp strutted about in his coquettish manner in Pirates of the Caribbean while Tom Hanks played Robert Langdon in The Da Vinci Code. Meanwhile 007 became James Blond with Daniel Craig in Casino Royale.

In India, as many as 209 people were killed and over 700 injured in the Mumbai train bombings.

India’s largest-ever rural job scheme was launched, aimed at lifting around 60 million families out of poverty. US and India signed a nuclear agreement during the visit of US President George W Bush. The US allowed India access to civilian nuclear technology while India agreed to greater scrutiny for its nuclear programme.

That year was a grim battle against tennis-elbow for Tendulkar, but he did score a couple of hundreds in the ODIs. His 141 not out at Kuala Lumpur against West Indies, 100 at Peshawar and 95 at Lahore against Pakistan standing out.

2007

The great global recession was triggered, with subprime crisis and enormous spike in food prices.
The anti-government protests in Myanmar were crushed by ruling junta. And in Pakistan Benazir Bhutto was assassinated.

The first iPhone was launched in June following an announcement by Steve Jobs in January.

Radiohead split from EMI and went on to release In Rainbows independently with, the album available for online download with a method of payment that allowed the buyer to choose his price. The Mars Volta released one of the first USB flash drive albums, as part of their The Bedlam in Goliath.

Steig Larsson created Lisbeth Salander in The Girl who Kicked the Hornet’s Nest.

India and Pakistan signed an agreement aimed at reducing the risk of accidental nuclear war. And soon after that 68 passengers, most of them Pakistanis, were killed by bomb blasts and a blaze on a train travelling from New Delhi to Lahore. Maoist rebels in Chhattisgarh killed more than 50 policemen in a dawn attack.

India’s first commercial space rocket was launched, and on board was an Italian satellite. Symbolic?

Shahrukh Khan celebrated hockey with Chak de India.

The government announced its strongest economic growth figures for 20 years. A bomb blast in a Hyderabad mosque was followed by severe rioting.

Pratibha Patil became the first woman to be elected President of India.

It was the start of the amazing second coming of Tendulkar as he amassed 776 runs at 55.42 in Tests and 1425 runs at 47.50 in ODIs.

2008

Political landscapes changed across the world.

The year signalled the end of monarchy in Nepal. In the United States, Barack Obama was elected as the first black President.

Wars were fought in Gaza and South  Ossetia. In the Battle of Basra, Iraqi forces crack down on Muqtada al Sadr’s Mahdi forces in Basra and Sadr City.

Kosovo declared independence, inviting mixed reactions from around the world.

The Cyclone Nargis killed 133,000 in Myanmar.

Madonna Sticky and Sweet Tour became the highest grossing female tour of all-time. It promoted her 11th studio album Hard Candy which sells of 4 million copies and includes the international hit song 4 Minutes.

Daniel Craig gave the new James Bond a brooding look in Quantum of Solace.

The Large Hadron Collider at CERN began proton beam tests. Bad year for Literature with the deaths of Michael Crichton, Arthur C. Clarke, David Foster Wallace, Harold Pinter and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Hunger Games was published, one wonders whether it was good or bad for literature.

A series of explosions killed 49 in Ahmedabad, in Gujarat state. The little-known group Indian Mujahideen claimed responsibility.

Following approval by the US Congress, President George W Bush legislated a nuclear deal with India, which ended a three-decade ban on US nuclear trade with Delhi.

India successfully launched its first mission to the moon, the unmanned lunar probe Chandrayaan-1.
In less elevated levels, 26/11 struck as 200 people were killed and hundreds injured in a series of co-ordinated attacks by gunmen on the main tourist and business area of India’s financial capital Mumbai.

As a reaction, India announced “pause” in the peace process with Pakistan. The Indian cricket team’s planned cricket tour of Pakistan was cancelled.

The first version of the Indian Premier League (IPL) was played.

For Tendulkar, it was yet another purple patch. He hit two 150 plus scores at Sydney and Adelaide. In the Commonwealth Bank Series, he played two match winning knocks of 117 and 91 in the finals. Back in India, he passed 12,000 Test runs with 109 against Australia at Nagpur.  He ended the year by playing out of his skin, taking India to an emotional win against England by scoring 103 not out at Chennai in the fourth innings. He dedicated the match-winning fourth innings century to the victims of the Mumbai terrorist attacks. The maestro was awarded the Padma Vibhushan.

2009

Conflicts continued to rage. The Gaza War ended but the blockade continued. The protests over election, partly caused by social media, began in Iran.

The second Chechen War came to an end. The Great Recession also officially ended, but every organisation was singed, and focused on cost-savings.

At the same time, Dubai saw the completion of the world’s tallest skyscraper — Burj Khalifa. The BRICS [Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa] economic block was formed. And the Treaty of Lisbon was ratified.

It was heartbreak for the music world as Michael Jackson and Ustad Ali Akbar Khan passed away.
It was the year of fantasy and cartoon, with the launch of Avatar, Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince, Up and The Twilight Saga: New Moon.

The first animal from an extinct species was recreated by cloning — a Pyrenean Ibex was born alive, but died seven minutes later due to physical defects in its lungs.

India signed deals worth $700m for supply of Uranium from Russia.

The trial of Ajamal Kasab, sole surviving suspect in Mumbai attacks, began amidst glare of the media.
There was a resounding general election victory for governing Congress-led alliance of Manmohan Singh — ending in only 11 seats short of an absolute majority.

The Delhi court decriminalised gay sex.

Tendulkar began the year with 160 against New Zealand in Hamilton in a rare Test win in New Zealand. This was followed by 163 not out in an ODI at Christchurch. He ended the year with a spectacular 175 against Australia at Hyderabad, where, despite his magical efforts India managed to lose the match. A wax replica of Tendulkar was revealed at the Madame Tussauds at London.

2010

David Cameron took over as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Suicide bombings by two women left 40 dead and over 100 injured in the Moscow Metro.  Revolution was witnessed in Kyrgyzstan. Arab Spring was triggered by the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi on December 18, 2010 in Tunisia. Tensions rose between North and South Korea, culminating in the shelling of the island of Yeonpyeong.

An earthquake of magnitude 7.0 in Haiti killed 230,000. Flooding in Pakistan killed nearly 2,000 and left roughly a million homeless. The largest oil spill in US history occurred in the Gulf of Mexico.

Threat of Greece defaulting on its debts triggered the European sovereign debt crisis and Ireland’s bankruptcy. The website Wikileaks released thousands of classified US documents.

On the positive side, Aung San Suu Kyi was released from house arrest.

The first part of the final Harry Potter movie was released.

J. Craig Venter Institute created the first synthetic genome for a bacterial cell. The Neanderthal Genome Project presented preliminary genetic evidence that interbreeding did probably take place.

Sixteen people were killed in a bomb explosion at German Bakery in Pune. Ajmal Kasab was convicted of murder, possession of explosives and waging war.

Tendulkar scored the first-ever double hundred in ODIs, hitting 200 not out at Gwalior at the age of 36. At Colombo, he became the most capped player in Test cricket with 169 matches. The Test campaign started with two hundreds in Bangladesh, proceeded to two hundreds against South Africa at home, a 203 against Sri Lanka at Colombo, a match-winning 214 against Australia at Bangalore, and finished with 111 not out at Centurion. He was declared ICC Cricketer of the Year.

2011

There was trouble in the Middle East and Africa. South Sudan obtained independence. The Arab Spring Revolutions had already erupted in Tunisia. Egypt and Libya followed suit, and there were uprisings in Yemen and Bahrain, along with protests in several other Arab countries.  The Syrian civil war began. The Second Ivorian Civil War ended with the arrest of former President Laurent Gbagbo.

Floods in Pakistan, Thailand and the Philippines combined to a death toll of roughly 2500. A 9.0 strong earthquake near Tohoku, Japan triggered a tsunami, resulting in 16,000 deaths and the meltdown of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant.

Occupy movement inspired worldwide protests, bringing economic inequality under capitalism to attention. News International, including media baron Rupert Murdoch, were embarrassed in phone hacking scandal.

The Iraq War finally ended and the deaths of the year read like a list of notoriety with Muammar Gaddafi, Osama bin Laden and Kim Jong Il.

The New Democratic Party of Canada gained official opposition status in the Canadian Parliament for the first time. Riots flared across England even as the Indian cricket team went around the country in a disastrous tour.

World population reached 7 billion.

The second and final part of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows was released. In a rather curious publishing success story, Fifty Shades of Grey hit the shelves.

After 34 years of Left Front Government, Trinamool Congress and Congress alliance came to power in West Bengal.

Tendulkar scored his 51st hundred, a fighting 146 at Cape Town. He started his sixth World Cup campaign with two centuries. He finished the tournament with 482 runs, highest for India, and MS Dhoni lifted the World Cup on April 2 at the Wankhede. Tendulkar crossed 15,000 Test runs against West Indies at Delhi.

2012

A Tuareg rebellion triggered conflict in northern Mali, as President Amadou Toumani Touré was ousted and the MNLA declared Azawad an independent state. Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh stepped down. An attack on the US Libyan embassy in Benghazi led to the death of US ambassador J. Christopher Stevens.

Natural disasters competed with the man-made disasters. Hurricane Sandy killed 209 in North America, while Typhoon Bopha amounted to over 1,600 deaths in the Philippines.

Skydiver Felix Baumgartner became the first person to break the sound barrier without a vehicle.

It was a landmark year for science. NML Cygni became the star with the largest volume. Higgs boson was discovered at CERN (confirmed to 99.999% certainty). Photonic Molecules were discovered at MIT.

The Beach Boys embarked on a 2012 world concert tour celebrating their 50th Anniversary. Madonna’s 12th studio album MDNA topped the charts across the globe and broke the iTunes pre-order record.
A new image of James Bond was seen in Skyfall.

Pranab Mukherjee, the former Finance Minister, was elected the 13th President of India.

Ajmal Kasab, the lone surviving gunman of 2008 Mumbai attacks, was hanged on November 21.

Tendulkar scored 114 in Dhaka to bring up his 49th and final ODI hundred, which brought his number of International hundreds to 100.

2013

Thirty-nine international workers and one security guard died in a hostage crisis at a natural gas facility near In Aménas, Algeria. North Korea conducted its third underground nuclear test, prompting widespread condemnation and tightened economic sanctions from the international communities.

The most powerful meteor to strike Earth’s atmosphere in over a century exploded over the Russian city of Chelyabinsk, injuring 1,491 people and damaging over 4,300 buildings.

American scientists used a 3D printer to create a living lab-grown ear from collagen and animal ear cell cultures.

Benedict XVI resigned as pope, becoming the first to do so since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so voluntarily since Celestine V in 1294. Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina was elected the 266th pope. He took the name Francis, becoming the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, and the first pope from the Southern Hemisphere.

Africa continued to be raged with conflicts. Central African Republic President François Bozizé escaped to the Democratic Republic of the Congo after rebel forces capture the nation’s capital, Bangui. Amid mass protests across Egypt, President Mohamed Morsi was deposed in a military coup, leading to widespread violence. al-Shabaab Islamic militants attacked the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, killing 62 civilians and wounding over 170.

An eight-story commercial building collapsed in Savar Upazila near Dhaka, resulting in a death toll of 1,129 dead and leaving 2,500 injured. Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest tropical cyclones on record, makes landfall in the Philippines, causing devastation and, according to estimates, thousands of casualties.

The European Union agreed to a €10 billion economic bailout for Cyprus. Croatia became the 28th member of the European Union.

According to a study published in the scientific journal Nature, researchers from Oregon Health & Science University in the United States described the first creation of human embryonic stem cells by cloning.
Flash floods and landslides in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh killed more than 5,700 people and trapped more than 20,000.

Narendra Modi was named Bharatiya Janata Party’s prime ministerial candidate for Indian general election, 2014. Former Bihar Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav convicted in fodder scam case.
Mars Orbiter Mission was successfully launched.

And in October, Sachin Tendulkar announced his plans to retire after playing his 200th Test match.

World timeline in the Sachin Tendulkar Era – Part 1 of 2 – The 20th century

(Arunabha Sengupta is a cricket historian and Chief Cricket Writer at CricketCountry. He writes about the history and the romance of the game, punctuated often by opinions about modern day cricket, while his post-graduate degree in statistics peeps through in occasional analytical pieces. The author of three novels, he can be followed on Twitter at http://twiter.com/senantix)