It's all over. The players shake hands as India send Afghanistan packing inside two days at Bengaluru, in 2018 © AFP
It’s all over. The players shake hands as India send Afghanistan packing inside two days at Bengaluru, in 2018 © AFP

12 countries have now played Test cricket (there has been a 13th team — but not a country — ICC World XI). Afghanistan are the most recent of these. 2018 became the second year in which two countries made their Test debuts. England and Australia had both started in 1877, in the first ever Test. Like 9 of the previous 11, Afghanistan lost their first Test as well.

3 countries have played their 1st Tests on Indian soil — India (1932-33 at Bombay Gymkhana), Pakistan (1951-52 at Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi), and Afghanistan (2018 at Chinnaswamy). 4 countries have played their 1st Tests away from home — England (1876-77 in Australia), West Indies (1928 in England), Pakistan (1952-53 in India), and Afghanistan (2018 in India).

21 instances of a Test getting over inside two days. Interestingly, 15 of these took place before 1946-47 and the other 6 in 2000 or later.

399 balls needed by India to take 20 wickets, 2nd-least by a side in the 21st century. Australia had needed 340 against Pakistan at Sharjah in 2002-03.

4 times have a side been bowled out twice in a single day: India (58 and 82 vs England at Old Trafford in 1952), Zimbabwe (59 and 99 vs New Zealand at Harare in 2005-06), Zimbabwe, again (51 and 143 against New Zealand, again, at Napier in 2011-12), and now Afghanistan.

6 men have scored a hundred before lunch on Day One of a Test. Shikhar Dhawan is the sixth. The previous five were Victor Trumper (vs England at Old Trafford, 1902), Charlie Macartney (vs England at Headingley, 1926), Don Bradman (vs England at Headingley, 1930), Majid Khan (vs New Zealand at Karachi, 1976-77), and David Warner (vs Pakistan at Sydney, 2016-17).

154 conceded by Rashid Khan for his 2 wickets, the most by anyone in a team’s first Test. Rashid went past Amir Elahi’s dubious figures of 4 for 134 against India at Delhi in 1932-33. Interestingly, it was not Elahi’s debut Test (he had played for India earlier).

103 wickets for Umesh Yadav. He became the 8th Indian pacer, 22nd Indian, and 185th overall to the 100-wicket milestone. Umesh also went past Irfan Pathan (100) and Shivlal Yadav (102) to seal the 20th spot among Indians.

316 wickets for Ravichandran Ashwin. He went past Zaheer Khan, with whom he was tied on 311 wickets before the Test. Ashwin is now behind Anil Kumble (619), Kapil Dev (434), and Harbhajan Singh (417).

238 wickets for by Ishant Sharma. He went past Javagal Srinath (236), and is now 3rd among Indian fast bowlers, after Kapil (434) and Zaheer (311).

These are the various firsts achieved by Afghans in Test cricket:
First captain: Asghar Stanikzai
First ball bowled: Yamin Ahmadzai, to Murali Vijay
First wicket taken: Ahmadzai, who had Shikhar Dhawan caught by Mohammad Nabi
First catch: Mohammad Nabi, of Dhawan off Ahmadzai, mentioned above
First run out: Nasir Jamal (substitute), who ran out Dinesh Karthik
First ball faced: Mohammad Shahzad, from Umesh Yadav
First run scored: Shahzad, a four off Umesh, off the third ball
First four: Shahzad, off Umesh, mentioned above
First six: Mujeeb Ur Rahman, off Ravindra Jadeja

3 teenage debutants in the Afghan side — Rashid (19), Wafadar Momand (18), and Mujeeb (17). Bangladesh had three teenage debutants as well, against Sri Lanka at SSC in 2002. The record lies with Zimbabwe, who had four, against Sri Lanka at Harare in 2004.

88 Tests missed by Dinesh Karthik. He last played against Bangladesh at Chittagong in 2010-11. Karthik set a new Indian record of missing most Tests, going past Parthiv Patel’s 83 Tests. He also reach the 6th spot on the all-time list, after Gareth Batty (142), Martin Bicknell (114), Floyd Reifer (109), Younis Ahmed (104), Derek Shackleton (103), and Les Jackson (96).

34 cricketers have now made their First-Class debuts in a Test, Mujeeb being the latest to do this. However, only 6 of the previous 33 — Graham Vivian (New Zealand, 1964-65), Ujesh Ranchod (Zimbabwe, 1992-93), Mashrafe Mortaza (Bangladesh, 2001-02), Yasir Ali (Pakistan, 2003-04), and Nazmul Hossain (Bangladesh 2004-05), and Mujeeb — have done this since 1900.